Ubuntu 常用软件的安装

注意系统发行版本为Ubuntu 12.04(下面这些软件我在Ubuntu 12.04.x 64bit系统里常用的软件)
很多软件大家可能都不知道是干什么用的,请您自己在https://www.google.com里搜索吧。或者直接装到系统上去,反正装上去又不会怀孕
PAC Manager(替换SecureCRT)
官方下载:http://sourceforge.net/projects/pacmanager/files/
cd ~/Downloads
sudo dpkg -i pac-*.deb
sudo apt-get -f install
sudo dpkg -i pac-*.deb

SSH服务(开启ubuntu中的ssh服务)
sudo apt-get install openssh-server
sudo service ssh start/stop/restart 启动/停止/启动服务

Cisco Packet Tracer 5.3(思科网络模拟器)
下载: http://dl.dbank.com/c0xy2o66ob
chmod +x PacketTracer531_i386_installer-deb.bin
sudo ./PacketTracer531_i386_installer-deb.bin

GNS3网络模拟器
从官方网站下载两个文件(若官方发布了新版本,直接下载新版本即可):
①http://www.gns3.net/download
GNS3 v0.8.3.1 tgz archive
②http://www.gns3.net/dynamips/
Dynamips 0.2.8-RC3-community binary for Linux (32-bit)
Dynamips 0.2.8-RC3-community binary for Linux (64-bit)
创建个文件夹:
kashu@ubuntu:~$ mkdir /opt/GNS3/
解压文件:
kashu@ubuntu:~/Downloads$ tar -zxf GNS3-0.8.3.1-src.tar.gz
移动解压的所有文件到GNS3文件夹中:
kashu@ubuntu:~/Downloads$ mv GNS3-0.8.3.1-src/* /opt/GNS3/
在GNS3中创建一个Dynamips文件夹:
kashu@ubuntu:~/Downloads$ mkdir /opt/GNS3/Dynamips/
把dynamips-0.2.8-RC3-community-x86_64.bin移动到该文件夹内:
kashu@ubuntu:~/Downloads$ mv ./Dynamips/dynamips-0.2.8-RC3-community-x86_64.bin /opt/GNS3/Dynamips/
给dynamips-0.2.8-RC3-community-x86_64.bin添加x权限:
kashu@ubuntu:~/Downloads$ chmod +x /opt/GNS3/Dynamips/dynamips-0.2.8-RC3-community-x86_64.bin
运行GNS3:
kashu@ubuntu:~/Downloads$ sudo python /opt/GNS3/gns3

QQ 2013
下载:http://www.longene.org/download/WineQQ2013SP6-20140102-Longene.deb
如果是64位系统,还需安装这个包:sudo apt-get install ia32-libs
sudo dpkg -i WineQQ2013SP6-20140102-Longene.deb

fcitx(小企鹅输入法,安装五笔拼音输入法、搜狗拼音输入法、谷歌拼音输入法)
官方网站安装说明:https://fcitx-im.org/wiki/Install_(Ubuntu)
sudo apt-get purge ibus
sudo apt-get autoremove
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:fcitx-team/nightly
or
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:fcitx-team/stable
sudo apt-get update
五笔拼音输入法:sudo apt-get install fcitx-table-wbpy
搜狗拼音输入法:sudo apt-get install fcitx-sogoupinyin
谷歌拼音输入法:sudo apt-get install fcitx-googlepinyin
配置:fcitx-config-gtk3

preload(自适应预载守护进程)
sudo apt-get install preload

shutter截图工具
sudo apt-get install shutter

NitroShare(Linux/Windows/MAC跨平台文件传输工具)
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:george-edison55/nitroshare
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install nitroshare

VLC媒体播放器
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:djcj/vlc-stable
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install vlc

WebEx Player视频播放器(其中的Recorder无法使用)
安装好Wine后,直接鼠标双击WebEx_Recorder_and_Player.msi此安装程序即可安装,就这么简单。
然后就可以在Ubuntu中看*.wrf格式的视频了。

PSP仿真器(http://ppsspp.org/downloads.html)
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:noobslab/apps
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install ppsspp

startdict(星际译王)
sudo apt-get install stardict
离线词库下载地址:http://abloz.com/huzheng/stardict-dic/zh_CN/
如:下载一个oxford-gb dictionary(en – zh_CN) 牛津现代英汉双解词典
然后把它全部解压出来的内容直接移动到/usr/share/stardict/dic目录里即可

chromium浏览器
sudo apt-get install chromium-browser
Adobe Flash Player插件
sudo apt-get install flashplugin-installer

Wine稳定版
export WINEPREFIX=$HOME/wine32
export WINEARCH=win32
我还把这两个变量写入到.bashrc文件中了,让它们永久生效
echo ‘export WINEPREFIX=$HOME/wine32′ >> ~/.bashrc
echo ‘export WINEARCH=win32′ >> ~/.bashrc
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ubuntu-wine/ppa
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install wine1.6.2

Adobe Reader(PDF阅读器)
sudo apt-add-repository “deb http://archive.canonical.com/ $(lsb_release -sc) partner”
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install acroread

htop(交互式进程查看器)
sudo apt-get install htop

TLP(Linux高级电源管理工具,建议笔记本装上)
官方说明:http://linrunner.de/en/tlp/docs/tlp-linux-advanced-power-management.html
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:linrunner/tlp
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install tlp tlp-rdw
说明
tlp (PPA) – Power saving
tlp-rdw (PPA) – optional, Radio Device Wizard
tp-smapi-dkms (universe) – optional ThinkPad only, tp-smapi is needed for battery charge thresholds and ThinkPad specific status output of tlp-stat
acpi-call-tools (PPA) – optional ThinkPad only, acpi-call is needed for battery charge thresholds on Sandy Bridge and newer models (X220/T420, X230/T430 et al.)
联想的ThinkPad把这两个也一并安装上:sudo apt-get install tp-smapi-dkms acpi-call-tools
安装完后重启生效,要立即生效可执行:sudo tlp start

Audacious音乐播放器,推荐
sudo apt-get install audacious

pdf2htmlEX:(高保真PDF转HTML工具)
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:coolwanglu/pdf2htmlex && sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install pdf2htmlEX
上面一步到位,下面仅仅重复上面
https://launchpad.net/~coolwanglu/+archive/pdf2htmlex
su – root
echo “deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/coolwanglu/pdf2htmlex/ubuntu $(lsb_release -sc) main” >> /etc/apt/sources.list
echo “deb-src http://ppa.launchpad.net/coolwanglu/pdf2htmlex/ubuntu $(lsb_release -sc) main” >> /etc/apt/sources.list
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install pdf2htmlEX

Google Earth(谷歌地球)
Download: http://www.google.com/intl/en/earth/download/ge/agree.html
sudo dpkg -i google-earth-stable_current_amd64.deb
sudo apt-get -f install(若执行上面的安装后提示有依赖包要装,就执行此命令安装即可)
sudo dpkg -i google-earth-stable_current_amd64.deb(若执行了上面那条命令,需重新执行此安装命令)

Openshot(视频编辑器,推荐)
sudo apt-get install openshot

ocenaudio(音频编辑器,推荐)
https://launchpad.net/~trebelnik-stefina/+archive/ocenaudio
http://www.ocenaudio.com.br/download

酷我音乐盒,推荐
https://github.com/LiuLang/kwplayer-packages
sudo apt-get install kwplayer_3.2.7-1_all.deb

虾米电台
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:timxx/xmradio
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install xmradio

Liferea(RSS新闻阅读器)
apt-get install liferea
或者(官网http://lzone.de/liferea/install.htm)
add-apt-repository ppa:liferea/development
apt-get update
apt-get install liferea

add-apt-repository(用不了add-apt-repository这个命令就安装下面那个)
apt-get install python-software-properties

weather-indicator(天气预报指示器)
sudo apt-get install indicator-weather
or(推荐用下面那个天气预报小工具)
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:atareao/atareao
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install my-weather-indicator

indicator-multiload(系统负载指示器)
sudo apt-get install indicator-multiload

Psensor(硬件温度指示器)
sudo apt-get install lm-sensors hddtemp psensor

Caffeine(看视频时防止屏保和sleep)
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:caffeine-developers/ppa
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install caffeine

indicator-brightness(屏幕亮度指示器)
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:noobslab/indicators
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install indicator-brightness

apt-fast(代替apt-get,提升软件下载速度,推荐)
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:apt-fast/stable && sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install apt-fast
上面一步到位,下面仅仅重复上面
su – root
echo “deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/apt-fast/stable/ubuntu $(lsb_release -sc) main” >> /etc/apt/sources.list
echo “deb-src http://ppa.launchpad.net/apt-fast/stable/ubuntu $(lsb_release -sc) main” >> /etc/apt/sources.list
apt-get update
apt-get install apt-fast -y

Ubuntu-Tweak
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:tualatrix/ppa
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install ubuntu-tweak

ubuntu-restricted-extras(强推)
sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras
sudo apt-get install libdvdread4
sudo /usr/share/doc/libdvdread4/install-css.sh

wavemon(无线信号检测软件,推荐)
sudo apt-get install wavemon

Nessus(强悍的远程漏洞扫描器)
详见:http://www.kashu.org/install-nessus-on-ubuntu.html

SimpleScreenRecorder屏幕录像软件,推荐
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:maarten-baert/simplescreenrecorder
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install simplescreenrecorder

optipng(png图片专用压缩利器)
sudo apt-get install optipng

FF Multi Converter(多功能文件转换器https://sites.google.com/site/ffmulticonverter/download
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ffmulticonverter/stable
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install ffmulticonverter

meld(图形化的diff和文件合并工具)
sudo apt-get install meld

VLC(多媒体播放器)
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:n-muench/vlc2
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install vlc

Wireshark(著名的协议分析仪)
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:dreibh/ppa
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install wireshark

XBMC(媒体中心)
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:team-xbmc/ppa
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install xbmc

uGet(文件下载器,堪比迅雷)
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:plushuang-tw/uget-stable
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install uget aria2
配置参数:–enable-rpc=true -D –check-certificate=false –disable-ipv6=true

Dconf-Editor
sudo apt-get install dconf-tools

7z压缩工具
sudo apt-get install p7zip-full

conky
sudo apt-get install conky

iftop(监控流量)
sudo apt-get install iftop

nethogs(监控流量)
sudo apt-get install nethogs

UNetbootin(制作GNU/Linux启动U盘)
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:gezakovacs/ppa
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install unetbootin

Logout Session
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:upubuntu-com/apps
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install logout-session

XAMPP
官方下载:http://sourceforge.net/projects/xampp/files/XAMPP%20Linux/
把软件移动到/opt目录里:sudo mv ./sudo mv xampp-linux-x64-1.8.3-1-installer.run /opt
添加可执行权限:sudo chmod +700 xampp-linux-x64-1.8.3-1-installer.run
安装:sudo ./xampp-linux-x64-1.8.3-1-installer.run

 

Master PDF Editor(Linux中的PDF编辑器、阅读器)

1、官方下载:http://code-industry.net/free-pdf-editor.php
2、tar -zxf 解压
3、使用:kashu@kashu:/opt/MasterPDFEditor$ ./pdfeditor

plink(ssh跳墙时使用)
sudo apt-get install plink
使用示例:plink -C -D 127.0.0.1:43210 -N -pw 12345 kashu@8.8.8.8

NMAP(安装最新版NMAP)
shell脚本如下,直接在Ubuntu系统中运行此脚本就能自动安装好最新版的NMAP:
http://www.kashu.org/ubuntu%E9%87%8C%E5%AE%89%E8%A3%85%E6%9C%80%E6%96%B0%E7%89%88%E7%9A%84nmap.html

mupdf(轻量级XPS和PDF文档阅读器)
sudo apt-get install mupdf
需要使用命令行启用该软件,使用示例:mupdf kashu.xps 或 mupdf kashu.pdf

chmsee(chm格式文件阅读器,chm viewer)
sudo apt-get install chmsee

TeamViewer
官方下载:https://www.teamviewer.com/en/download/linux.aspx
安装:sudo dpkg -i teamviewer_linux_x64.deb
如果提示有依赖包要安装,直接运行sudo apt-get -f install
最后再执行一次安装即可:sudo dpkg -i teamviewer_linux_x64.deb

VMware Workstation
安装方法(包含下载、安装、激活、序列号)
http://www.kashu.org/ubuntu%E4%B8%AD%E5%AE%89%E8%A3%85vmware-workstation.html

XMind(思维导图)
官方下载:http://www.xmind.net/download/linux/
sudo dpkg -i xmind-linux-3.4.0.201311050558_amd64.deb
sudo apt-get -f install
sudo dpkg -i xmind-linux-3.4.0.201311050558_amd64.deb

HandBrake(视频转码器)
把软件源加入到/etc/apt/sources.list文件中,然后sudo apt-get update &
sudo vim /etc/apt/sources.list
deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/stebbins/handbrake-releases/ubuntu precise main
deb-src http://ppa.launchpad.net/stebbins/handbrake-releases/ubuntu precise main
其它操作系统:
http://handbrake.fr/downloads.php
其它Ubuntu发行版:
https://launchpad.net/~stebbins/+archive/handbrake-releases

I-Nex(类似于Windows下的CPU-Z)
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:i-nex-development-team/stable
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:nemh/gambas3
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install i-nex

Audio Recorder(录音软件)
To install Audio-Recorder in Ubuntu/Linux Mint open Terminal (Press Ctrl+Alt+T) and copy the following commands in the Terminal:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:osmoma/audio-recorder
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install audio-recorder

Install additional codecs with this command:
sudo apt-get install gstreamer0.10-plugins-ugly gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad

prelink(通过预链接,减少软件启动时检测、链接的时间,从而加快软件启动速度)
sudo apt-get install prelink
以管理员身份编辑/etc/default/prelink,将其中的PRELINKING=unknown 改为 PRELINKING=yes。
在终端中运行如下命令,初始化Prelink数据库:sudo /etc/cron.daily/prelink
该过程需要数分钟的时间,作用相当于建立“缓存”,预先为各个软件链接好启动所需的共享库,使得以后每次启动软件不必再临时链接。

BleachBit(Linux下的清道夫,本人更推荐使用Ubuntu Tweak里janitor所提供的清理功能)
sudo apt-get install bleachbit

XnConvert:跨平台图片批处理专家,推荐
http://www.xnview.com/en/xnconvert/
sudo dpkg -i XnConvert-linux-x64.deb

phatch(批量图片处理工具,很强)
sudo apt-get install phatch

E4rat
专为加速Linux启动时间设置的工具。通过对物理文件分配,借此减小旋转迟延,增大磁盘交换速率,借此加速开机启动时间。 E4rat只为Ext4格式设计,对其他文件系统不起作用。您在使用时,注意保护敏感数据,避免以外发生。
安装方法:http://www.kashu.org/how-to-cut-your-linux-pcs-boot-time-in-half-with-e4rat.html

cheese(要用webcam就装这个)

sudo apt-get install cheese

 

显示Ubuntu所有自启动应用程序(在startup里面默认是隐藏的)

sudo sed -i 's/NoDisplay=true/NoDisplay=false/g' /etc/xdg/autostart/*.desktop

 

注销当前用户的命令:logout-session

 

把LibreOffice的英文界面改成中文:sudo apt-get install libreoffice-l10n-zh-cn libreoffice-help-zh-cn

然后,打开LibreOffice Writer,点击Tools—-Options—-Language Settings—-Languages—-User interface改成Chineses,重新打开任意一个LibreOffice套件都是中文界面的了。

Advertisements

About Qiusheng Wu

Assistant Professor of Geography at Binghamton University, State University of New York

Posted on March 10, 2014, in Linux, Software and tagged , . Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Alex Tereshenkov

Programming and managing GIS

REDD+ for the Guiana Shield

Technical Cooperation Project

LidarBlog.com

Dr. Qiusheng Wu @ SUNY Binghamton

Writing Science

How to write papers that get cited and proposals that get funded

GIS In Ecology

Providing Training, Advice And Consultation On The Use Of GIS In Ecology

metrhispanic

On cities, land, ...

GeoAcademy

Open GIS: No Bounds

Scientia Plus Conscientia

Thoughts on Science and Nature

r4hydrology

Learning hydrology with R

Karl Hennermann

GIS at the University of Manchester

GIS and Science

Applications of geospatial technology for scientific research and understanding.

GISblog.com

GIS, Mapping, Remote Sensing, Geodata, Geospatial news

Whitebox Geospatial Analysis Tools

Open-source GIS development and spatial analysis with Whitebox GAT

TopoToolbox

MATLAB-based software for topographic analysis

Anything Geospatial – AnyGeo

Dr. Qiusheng Wu @ SUNY Binghamton

GeospatialPython.com

Dr. Qiusheng Wu @ SUNY Binghamton

Another GIS Blog

Dr. Qiusheng Wu @ SUNY Binghamton

%d bloggers like this: